“Christians,” one said, “like to think Jesus is unique because he rose from the dead, but that isn’t true. Resurrection was a common theme in most ancient religions. The Greek god Dionysus had been brought back from death, so had the Egyptian god Osiris, the Hindu god Ganesha, a hero from Finnish mythology, and a Japanese goddess.”
“So,” another concluded, “not only is Christianity ludicrously fake, it’s not even original.”
They all laughed, and I found myself wondering about the holiday I had just celebrated. Most Christians I knew did think Christ’s coming back to life was unique… but was it? I started looking up everything I could find on resurrection myths, and was pleasantly surprised at what I found: it turns out Christ’s death and resurrection are more unique than I ever realized.
None of These Beings Knew They Were Going To Die
The first thing that became apparent to me was that none of these other deities knew they were going to die. Dionysus was slain when he was a child. Osiris was tricked and murdered by rivals. Death took them all by surprise and in very human fashion. Jesus, on the other hand, not only knew he was going to die, he even knew the method: crucifixion.
The Gospels are replete with verses where Jesus refers to his own death, but nowhere is his knowledge more apparent than in the garden of Gethsemane,
Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. On reaching the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.” He withdrew about a stone’s throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed, “Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.” An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground. When he rose from prayer and went back to the disciples, he found them asleep, exhausted from sorrow. Luke 22:39-45
Christ’s death did not take him unaware. He knew he was going to be crucified, it was the reason he was born. This awareness leads into the second major difference between Jesus and other resurrected gods…
None of These Beings Went Willingly To Their Death
The second significant aspect of Christ’s death is that he went to it willingly. As mentioned above, all these other gods met their ends in very human ways. Some, like Ganesha, tried to fight a stronger opponent and lost; others, like the Japanese goddess Izanami, died from sickness or childbirth. The impression is that none of them intended to die but that their deaths came anyway. Christ’s death was altogether different.
Not only did he claim foreknowledge of his impending death, he claimed he could stop it if he chose to. The book of John in particular makes note of this in several places:
Jesus said, “My kingdom is not of this world. If it were, my servants would fight to prevent my arrest by the Jews. But now my kingdom is from another place.” “You are a king, then!” said Pilate. Jesus answered, “You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.” John 18:36-37