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Health News Of The Week:Heroin Addiction Symptoms and Effects 1( Drop in school attendance , performance and death)

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Heroin Abuse?

Heroin produces a “downer” effect that rapidly induces a state of relaxation and euphoria (related to chemical changes in the pleasure centers of the brain). Like other opiates, heroin use blocks the brain’s ability to perceive pain. Heroin abusers, particularly those with prior history of drug abuse, may initially be able to conceal signs and symptoms of their heroin use.

Loved ones or co-workers may notice a number of signs of heroin use, which are visible during and after heroin consumption:
Shortness of breath
Dry mouth
Constricted (small) pupils
Sudden changes in behavior or actions
Cycles of hyper alertness followed by suddenly nodding off
Droopy appearance, as if extremities are heavy
Drop in performance in school
Irritability and know

The above signs are not unique to heroin abuse. More definitive warning signs of heroin abuse include possession of paraphernalia used to prepare, inject or consume heroin:
Needles or syringes not used for other medical purposes
Burned silver spoons
Aluminum foil or gum wrappers with burn marks
Missing shoelaces (used as a tie off for injection sites)
Straws with burn marks
Small plastic bags, with white powdery residue
Water pipes or other pipe

Behavioral signs of heroin abuse and addiction include:
Lying or other deceptive behavior
Avoiding eye contact, or distant field of vision
Substantial increases in time spent sleeping
Increase in slurred, garbled or incoherent speech
Sudden worsening of performance in school or work, including expulsion or loss of jobs
Decreasing attention to hygiene and physical appearance
Loss of motivation and apathy toward future goals
Withdrawal from friends and family, instead spending time with new friends with no natural tie
Lack of interest in hobbies and favorite activities
Repeatedly stealing or borrowing money from loved ones, or unexplained absence of valuables
Hostile behaviors toward loved ones, including blaming them for withdrawal or broken commitments
Regular comments indicating a decline in self esteem or worsening body image
Wearing long pants or long sleeves to hide needle marks, even in very warm weather

Users build tolerance to heroin, leading to increases in the frequency and quantity of heroin consumption. With growing tolerance, more definitive physical symptoms of heroin abuse and addiction emerge:
Weight loss
Runny nose (not explained by other illness or medical condition)
Needle track marks visible on arms
Infections or abscesses at injection site
For women, loss of menstrual cycle (amenorrhea)
Cuts, bruises or scabs from skin picking
What are the Symptoms of Heroin Withdrawal?

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Heroin abusers and addicts feel compelled to continue using the drug both because of its pain relieving effects, and because of fear of symptoms they may experience if they stop. Heroin withdrawal symptoms can start a few hours to one day after sustained use of the drug stops. Withdrawal symptoms can include:
Intense heroin cravings
Profuse sweating (not explained by environment or physical activity)
Severe muscle and bone aches
Nausea and vomiting
Feeling of heaviness
Intense cramping in limbs, resulting in “kicking”
Cold sweats
Runny nose

Someone experiencing withdrawal symptoms following long-term heroin dependence is at risk for serious medical complications, including death when other medical conditions are present.


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