Former President John Agyekum Kufuor has called for the reform of the United Nations Security Council to reflect the geo-political conditions of the times.
He said another look should be taken at the veto wielded by some permanent members which they used to forestall actions they disagreed with even if the majority favoured it.
A statement issued by his spokesperson, Mr Frank Agyekum, said the Former President was speaking at the two-day inaugural meeting of the Global Citizenship Commission at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Under the Chairmanship of Sir Gordon Brown, Former British Prime Minister, the Commission is to review the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) passed in 1948 and suggest ways to make it more comprehensive and relevant to the present day.
Former President Kufuor called for a clear authority to be put in place by the international community to sanction violating governments and also unambiguous procedures and processes for activating action by such an authority.
“The time has come for a new radical and unambiguous framework within which the international community will act to ensure that fundamental human rights are truly universal and enforceable,” he said.
Former President Kufuor commended the international community for intervening in places such as Kosovo, Cote d’Ivoire and Mali among others which helped to save lives, restore peace and uphold the fundamental human rights of the people.
He said since insecurity and tramping upon of humanity’s natural rights had become global, measures to forestall them should also be global.
“If the international community believes that it has a duty and obligation to humanity to keep peace, then it surely should have a bigger moral and ethical responsibility to ensure that the conditions that create lack of peace do not exist to begin with,” he said.
The former President said the existence and effectiveness of the International Criminal Court (ICC) should be a strong deterrent to leaders who would otherwise want to deny their people their rights but its powers should be universal and not limited to only a few countries.