Ghana has always been described as a beacon of peace in sub-Saharan Africa.
But the peace is not enjoyed in equal measure across in the country.
There are places where pockets of violence erupt from time to time necessitating actions like the imposition of curfews.
These violence caused by land, chieftaincy and/or political disputes, have somewhat turned such towns into dangerous places to live compared to other areas in the country.
The story behind the dispute is that is the Alavanyo’s were given their present location by the Nkonya’s who had settled in the area earlier.
After sometime, some Alavanyo farmers encroached on lands not given them.
The dispute is about a century old as the first violent conflicts were recorded in 1923 with others occurring in 1983, 2003, 2004 and 2012 and 2013.
The most recent one, which broke out this year, has seen a number of people killed and some of these murders have been committed even under a strict enforcement of a dusk till dawn curfew.
It is in this area that the infamous Nanumba-Konkomba war which reportedly claimed about 2,000 people were lives, and displaced over 150,000.
It is known that the war, in 1994, was started after a Konkomba man killed a Nanumba becuase he outbid him in the purchase of a guinea fowl.
It is known that the war, in 1994, was started after a Konkomba man killed a Nanumba because he outbid him in the purchase of a guinea fowl.
Apart from the inter-ethnic feud, there is also the case of chieftaincy dispute between the Andani and Nakpa Naa gates over the legitimate person to be enskinned as the next chief of the town.
Bawku is a land dominated by Kusasis but was put under the care of the Nayiri (Mamprusi overlord) in Nalerigu in the Northern region for administrative convenience.
But being an acephalous society, the Kusasis only had regard for a ‘tendana’ (spiritual leader) and have since struggled to accept the physicial leadership of the Mamprusi overlord.
So the conflict, basically, is one bothering on the legitimacy to rule the area and the resources that come with such power which has turned political because the two Kusasis and Maprusis have aligned themselves to the NDC and NPP respectively.
Despite the regular presence of security men in the area, the least provocation from any of the groups against the other ends up in violent clashes and it does not seem it will abate anytime soon.
This altercation came just a week after the a ceremony which was supposed to have brought and end to such clashes in the district.
The area has since then been in and out of curfews.
5. Yendi (Dagbon):
Since the death of the overlord of the Dagbon Traditional area, Ya-Na Yakubu Andani in 2002, the town of Yendi, the capital Dagbon, has been under and uneasy calm.
There existed a recurring chieftaincy dispute between the Abudus and Andanis with political undertones. The Abudus are said to be pro-NPP and the Andanis, pro-NDC.
But death of an Andani Ya-Na during the early years of former President J.A. Kufuor’s administration was deemed by members of that gate as a politcally ochestrated move to put an Abudu on the throne.
The fact that Kufuor had Abudus Vice President late Aliu Mahama; Interior Minister Malik Alhassan; and Security Adviser General (rtd) Joshua Hamidu in his government coupled with the inability to bring the murder culprits to book made it difficult to ignore the claims of the Andanis.
Peace in the area, often maintained by security forces, has thus become so tenous that any misunderstanding between individuals of the two gates under whatever circumstance triggers the conflict sometimes spilling over to other areas of the Dagbon traditional area.