About Akropong Akuapem
Akropong is the capital city of the Akwapim Traditional Area. It is located in the Eastern Region of Ghana and in the Akwapim mountainous terrain about 30 miles from Accra, the capital city of Ghana.
The weather is much acclaimed. It has a spring-like weather throughout the year especially in the evenings and this was said to have been one of the attractions of the early white settlers. There are basically two seasons: the dry and the cold seasons. The rains usually begin in April.
Akwapim as we find it today has evolved from a complex interaction of immigration and tribal wars. About 1300 A.D the GUAN people migrated from ATTARA FINAM in the Volta Basin and settled on the mountains of Akwapim. Their Chief who led them in this migration was called OKERE KPOMKPO. It was not long before war broke out between them and the AKWAMU people. The Guans consulted NANA BOA AMPONSEM of DENKYIRA to come to their aid. He delegated NWANWANYAM to help them. He came with his entourage and settled at ABOTAKYI.
Later Chief POM DEE and his people migrated from ASANTEMA KOTOKO and settled at OBOSOMASE to help. The TUTU people came from TUTUME in ADANSE. The DATE (LARTEH) people came from the East and settled at LARTEH. Meanwhile as Akwapim was forming the AKYEMS were still at ADANSE. In 1660 War broke out between the AKYEMS and the ADANSES. Nana KUNTUNKUNUNKU who was then the Chief of the Akyem people moved with some of the ASONA Clan to ABRAKASO in EDWESO and stayed there for about 30 years.
In 1699 they moved to BANSO in AKYEM and in 1700 moved further to KYEBI, which is now seat of the AKYEM ABUAKWA people.
In 1702 ANSA SASRAKU of the AKWAMUS engaged the AKYEM people in a war and lost. Thereafter ANSA SASRAKU turned his attention to the AKWAPIM people and started terrorizing them. History is replete with some unmentionable atrocities he was said to have committed. Even as child growing up, my Grandmother used to tell me of how he would use women breasts as target ranges. The AKWAPIM people solicited help from OFEI AKWASI AGYEMAN from SENKYE to fight the AKWAMUS but they lost to ANSA SASRAKU.
Knowing that the AKYEM people had once defeated the AKWAMUS, the AKWAPIM people solicited the expertise of the AKYEMS to fight. In 1733 the AKWAPIM people met with KUNTUNKUNUNKU chief of the AKYEMS. The contingent who met with the OKYEHENE included: OSEW (from ADUKROM), AWUKUTIA and ASAREDEASA (from AWUKUGUA), ADAMFODE MANTE (from DATE) and KWABENA YOBO (from OBOSOMASE). It also included GAS, ADAAS, and KROBOS who were also at loggerheads with the AKWAMUS. The OKYEHENE
agreed and delegated his Nephew SAFORI (who later became OFORI KUMAH I) to help. He engaged and successfully defeated the AKWAMUS
After the war a section of the AKWAMUS defected and stayed with the AKWAPIM people. They settled initially at ABURI AMANFO and later led by a Hunter, OPARE PETEPREBI, they moved further to their present day location at the top of the mountain. One of their Chiefs who was involved in this defection was OPONG TENTEN. As a defense mechanism and for security reasons SAFORI delegated one of his Chiefs to oversee this group, which became the ADONTEN Division of AKWAPIM.
After the war SAFORI met with the AKWAPIM people at AMAMPROBI to discuss his compensation. He demanded One Thousand “MPREGUAN” among other things. The AKWAPIM people indicated that they could not afford it asked SAFORI to stay, rule and protect them forever instead. After consultation with his Uncle KUNTUNKUNUNKU the OKYEHENE, he agreed and stayed at AMAMPROBI. As testimony to this one OTEN was buried alive together with gold dust, beads and among a gun salute. Some of the people from the ASONA Clan who came with SAFORI from AKYEM were settled at AMONOKROM, which became the seat of the GYAASE Division.
Realizing the power of the Fetish instead, SAFORI assembled the AKWAPIM people in front of the OBOSOM GYENKU from OBOSOMASE to swear allegiance to him forever.
SAFORI stayed at AMAMPROBI for seven years but later complained that his “Government” was far removed from the center of action and besides the land was swampy. In 1740, the ABIRIWHENE Nana BAAGYIRI gave a piece of land at NSOREM (AKROPONG) to SAFORI. Legend has it that the land was full of Palm Trees, however within a short time it was all consumed and hence the appellation “AKROPONG KWAKWADUAM OSONO A ODII MME”
From this time AKROPONG has become the Traditional seat and governance and evolved traditionally and gradually into what we see now and the Akwapim Traditional Council