On 21 Feb., 1966, Kwame Nkrumah flew out of Accra to Hanoi, Democratic Republic of North Vietnam at the invitation of President Ho Chi Minh. Nkrumah was to offer his Vietnam War solution. Ghana was left in the control of a 3-man Presidential Commission, consisting of a traditional Chief and 2 politicians.In the early morning hours of 24 Feb., 1966, Ghana’s armed forces, with the cooperation of the National Police, took over government in “Operation Cold Chop”, a well organized coup d’etat. The first announcement made from Radio Ghana said that the coup was led by Major (now Lieutenant) General J. A. Ankrah, who was selected to be head of the new government installed on February 24, justified the Army’s seizure of power as a corrective to the faults of Nkrumah and the Convention People’s Party, which he described as “maladministration, mismanagement, the loss of individual freedom, and economic chaos.”
Col. Kotoka of the 2nd Infantry Brigade. Kotoka, an outstanding soldier, was a national hero, honored for valor and bravery while serving as part of Ghana’s United Nations 1960 and 1961 Congo contingent waa also one of the coup plotters.
A National Liberation Council was formed to run the affairs of state. Parliament was dissolved. Nkrumah’s ruling political organization, the Convention People’s Party (C.P.P.), was banned and Nkrumah himself was dismissed as President of Ghana’s First Republic